An outpouring of Russian patriotism has accompanied antagonism towards the West. Journalist Anna Ratafyeva was travelling on the Moscow metro when she was slapped in the face by an elderly woman who didn’t like the picture of cartoon character Snoopy waving a Union Jack on the front of her sweatshirt. "(The woman) approached me, called me ‘an American whore’ and slapped me in the face.
"I have a polo [shirt] with US symbols and a shop assistant in a pharmacy told me it was unpatriotic," Andrey Albekov wrote on BBC Russian’s Facebook page.
Among the insults that could be heard was “national traitors”, a term used by Russian President Vladimir Putin when he gave a speech in Crimea after it was annexed by Russia in March.